Before the rock concert began, there was a warm-up kirtana onstage. Incense poured from the stage and the corners of the large ballroom. Swamiji spoke, giving a brief history of the Hare Krishna mahamantra. Then he looked over to Allen Ginsberg, indicating he should chant. As the kirtana picked up and the audience got more enthusiastic, musicians from the various bands joined in as the devotees and a large group of hippies climbed on to the stage.